True perfumery: How fragrance compositions are created


Acqua Colonia, Acqua Colonia Intense, Original Eau de Cologne Floral Collection and more. We at 4711 have been packaging creativity in fragrances for over 228 years. World-renowned perfumers from hallowed fragrance houses work with us to create a wide range of diverse fragrance creations that surprise and inspire you. The field of Eaux de Cologne is multifaceted – and there are many ways to develop new, exciting fragrances here.

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The birth of a fragrance

The best way to imagine creating a fragrance is to compare it to composing music. Like a song, a fragrance should capture the essence of the moment and evoke something within us – a feeling of calm and peace or one of wild adventure. Sometimes the inspiration for this comes from the history of the house, sometimes the fragrance grows from a trend or a special ingredient – we set no limits. Around 2500 to 3500 fragrances can be used to create perfumes. “We have many more raw ingredients available to us than musicians have notes. And yet there are always new songs. So, this is also the case in the world of fragrances”, says Alexandra Kalle, fragrance expert and perfumer for the 4711 brand.

Uniqueness of Eau de Cologne

Eau de Cologne is the lightest form of perfume and was originally created as a refreshing water. The fragrance content of 2 to 5 percent makes this variant extremely light and fleeting, which is why it is so well suited for daily use. When composing a fragrance, our perfumers play with three levels: top note, heart note and base note. These are the essence of every fragrance. The top note of a perfume is the first impression. It is the substance that determines whether the fragrance catches our attention and inspires us instantly. The heart note defines the character of a perfume. It lasts for several hours and is the most intense component. And the base note contains long-lasting ingredients that carry through the day and accompany the wearer many hours after the scent has been applied.

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Infinitely inspired, whisked away into new worlds

The complexity and creativity of the art of the perfumer meet in a special way in the 4711 Acqua Colonia series. The fragrances combine selected natural ingredients to form new and surprising creations. All the fragrances in the series are designed to influence the mood. For example, the bright combination in Vincent Schaller's Acqua Colonia Lemon & Ginger fragrance invigorates and revitalises, while Acqua Colonia Lychee & White Mint by Natalie Gracia-Cetto has an exhilarating effect.

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The fragrances of 4711 Acqua Colonia Intense go a step further. They offer a particularly long-lasting fragrance experience and their compositions not only pay homage to exceptional and rare ingredients but to entire landscapes. Each of the four fragrances takes you on a journey. “Majestic and mysterious like the scent of a Scandinavian pine forests in the morning”, is how perfumer Geza Schön describes his creation, 4711 Acqua Colonia Intense Wakening Woods of Scandinavia which contains, among other ingredients, “Fir balsam absolute”, a liquid, fir-tree extract.

In the House 4711, we also love to be inspired by trends. The new 4711 Acqua Colonia Limited Edition relies on the innovative Smell the Taste technology. The technology allows us to capture seductive and juicy fresh notes in such a way that they radiate a pleasant naturalness.

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An icon gets a floral makeover

Perfumers who work for 4711 also enjoy creating floral fragrances. After all, floral notes have always been a key part of the perfumer's repertoire. Like citric notes, floral essences have been one of the most frequently used natural raw materials throughout history. As a tribute to these creations and as an appreciation of the world of flowers in perfumery, we have launched the 4711 Original Eau de Cologne Floral Collection in the scents Rose, Lilac, Jasmine and Magnolia.

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Experience the diversity of cologne

In the House of 4711, the exciting diversity of the Eaux de Cologne can be experienced in a unique setting. Visitors find breathtaking new favourites from a wide selection of fragrances. Those who want to can even put their own fine-tuned nose to the test in our fragrance seminar*, where you can compose your very own Eau de Cologne, creating something utterly unique.

Due to the current circumstances, we cannot offer guided tours, fragrance seminars and fragrance menus.